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The forests in Ulu Segama-Malua (USM) Project Area were previously part of a much larger expanse of tall lowland dipterocarp forest dominating the Eastern Sabah landscape. Undisturbed or virgin jungles in this region (along with the nearby island of Mindanao) make up the world's tallest tropical rainforests. The forest of Eastern Sabah also maintains the richest large mammal fauna in Borneo. The high concentration is generally a resultant of the once rich habitat, as well as, historically minimal hunting pressure due to lack of permanent human settlements within the interior Segama region (Marsh, C. DVCA Management Plan, June 1995).

The forests under the Yayasan Sabah concession area are home to the largest home / habitat of orang-utans (the endemic sub-species Pongopygmauesmorio) in North--eastern Borneo. It is here where the largest population of orang-utans is found. They number some 5,000 individuals (Ancrenaz et al, 2005), which accounts to about half of the total orang-utan population of Sabah.

The USM SFM Project Area constitutes part of the largest remaining Malaysian unfragmented forested block in Sabah (Yayasan Sabah concession), which if managed conscientiously, will play a major role in harbouring what may be the highest numbers of large Bornean mammals at present. This area is an important refuge for key wildlife species such as the Sumatran rhinoceros, Borneo pygmy elephant, Tembadau, Sun bear, Clouded leopard, Bay cat and other endangered species. Proper wildlife and habitat management is important for the long-term population viability of these animals.

The area has undergone multiple logging cycles, beginning in the 1960's through the end of December 2007. The original forest structure and integrity have since been altered drastically. The direct effect on native wildlife has been mostly negative, through the loss of important resources such as, viable habitats for refuge and food sources. A handful of species do maintain or even show a slight increase in population where areas are reasonably exploited for timber and where a zero-hunting policy is strongly implemented. These include most ungulate species, such as, the Asian elephant, sambar deer, bearded pig, and even the tembadau.

Wildlife Management Activities in 2013

1. Malua Wildlife Habitat Conservation Project

2. HCV1.2 ( Threatened and Endangered Species) :
Wildlife Monitoring Programme of Bukit Piton and Malua Forest Reserves in 2013

3. Insect Diversity Survey by Forest Research Centre

Other Wildlife Publication:
- Monitoring of High Conversation Value Forest (HCVF) in 2011
- Checklist of General Wildlife at Northern Part of UluSegama Forest Reserve
- Impact of Different Rainforest Rehabilitation Treatment on Selected Iconic Wildlife Taxa Malua
/ Segama Forest Reserve
- New Hope for Orang-utans

Wildlife management in year : 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013

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