Home Policy Personnel Wildlife Management HCV
Protection Silviculture Rehabilitation Ecotourism Infrastructure
Environment & Social Impact Publication Stakeholders Mid Term Reviews of FMP Research Paper
SABAH FORESTRY DEPARTMENT  
     
WILDLIFE

WILDLIFE

The wildlife monitoring activities were carried out mainly at the Bukit Piton Forest Reserve, heavily disturbed forest; and Malua Forest Reserve, less disturbed forest. Some activities in 2017 were postponed due to bad road conditions and monitoring sites were inaccessible especially within Malua Forest Reserve.

Orang-utan Nest Census

In 2017, the current ground Orang-utan nest census suggested that the Orang-utan densities range within Malua FR and Bukit Piton Rehabilitation Project area or between 0.89 - 2.90 individual/km2 and most nests were detected on the medium size trees and lower crowns of dominant trees i.e. pioneer species (Figure 5 and Figure 6).

Most roads within USM SFMP are existing roads that are regularly used to implement forest activities. In 2017, 4 main roads were experiencing soil erosion such as Malua Road, Main Line North (Taliwas-Kawag-North Segama Bridge) and Bukit Piton Roads (Cpt. 121-112 & 109-101) due to continuous heavy Rain especially in the 1st until 4th quarters. As for mitigation measure, road maintenance was done during hot/dry and no construction was carried out during the rainy days. In 3rd quarters, 3 old bridges were replaced with box spiral culvert by SFD's appointed contractor, Karnia which involved cost about RM248,500.00. In 2017, Yayasan Sabah had contributed about RM3 million to maintain road at Main Line West (Silam- Malua) and Bukit Piton Roads (Cpt. 121-112 & 109-101).

Map presented the five (5) different locations of study sites for ground Orang-utans nest census within Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area
Figure 5: Map presented the five (5) different locations of study sites for ground Orang-utans nest census within Ulu Segama-Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area

The fluctuations of Orang-utan densities per KM² across five (5) different study sites within Ulu Segama – Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area (Malua forest reserve and Bukit Piton Rehabilitation project area)
Figure 6: The fluctuations of Orang-utan densities per KM² across five (5) different study sites within Ulu Segama – Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area (Malua forest reserve and Bukit Piton Rehabilitation project area)

Opportunistic Wildlife Sightings (Adhoc)
Currently, 58 species of terrestrial mammals of 24 families were identified and recorded within the USM-SFM project area since 2009. According to the Wildlife Conservation Enactment 1997 classification, 8 species were recorded under schedule I (protected) such as Bos javanicus, Helarctos malayanus, Nasalis larvatus, Neofelis nebolusa, Pongo pygmaeus, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, Elephas maximus and Sunda pangolin, and more than 40 species were recorded under schedule II (protected species-limited hunting with license) and 8 species were recorded under schedule III (protected species-hunting with license).

While based on IUCN red list criteria, 36.21% (or n=21) of species are classified as "Threatened Species" (5.17% critically endangered, 12.07% endangered and 18.97% vulnerable), 60.34% of wildlife species recorded as "Low Risk" (46.55% least concern and 13.79% near threatened) and 3.45% wildlife species recorded as "Data Deficient" (Figure 7 and Figure 8).

 

Percentage (%) of wildlife species (terrestrial mammals) recorded in accordance to three (3) criteria under IUCN red list, the numbers based on wildlife monitoring activities carried out in year 2017
Figure 7: Percentage (%) of wildlife species (terrestrial mammals) recorded in accordance to three (3) criteria under IUCN red list, the numbers based on wildlife monitoring activities carried out in year 2017

 

Percentage (%) of wildlife species (terrestrial mammals) recorded in accordance to three (3) criteria under IUCN red list, the numbers based on wildlife monitoring activities carried out in year 2017
Figure 8: Status in IUCN red list and percentage of terrestrial wildlife species recorded along wildlife monitoring activities carried out within Ulu Segama-Malua SFM project area since 2009 to 2017

Night and Morning Survey
In 2017, morning and night observation activities show that the sighting of threatened wildlife species was low, less than 1 sighting ranging between 0.002 – 0.040 detections/day and 0.02 – 0.024 detections/day respectively (Figure 9 and Figure 10).

Based on morning direct (physical) sightings we discovered that the ungulate species such as deer, Bearded pig and Bornean gibbon are three (3) dominant and common species sighted within Malua, while Orang-utan and Pig tailed macaque are two (2) species dominant and frequently sighted within Bukit Piton Forest Reserve (see figure 9). While for nightspot activity, Sambar deer recorded the highest sighting per day/kilometre in Malua, whereas two (2) species namely Bearded pig and Slow loris are more frequently sighted within Bukit Piton Forest Reserve (see figure 10).

Patterns of some “threatened species” detections (average detection per day/km) during morning drive activity carried out within two (2) different habitat treatments in USM SFM project area for year 2017
Figure 9: Patterns of some “threatened species” detections (average detection per day/km) during morning drive activity carried out within two (2) different habitat treatments in USM SFM project area for year 2017

Trend of some threatened species sighting per day/km in accordance to nightspot activity within to USM SFM project area in year 2017, at least six (6) wildlife species classified as “threatened species” under IUCN red list criteria were recorded
Figure 10: Trend of some threatened species sighting per day/km in accordance to nightspot activity within to USM SFM project area in year 2017, at least six (6) wildlife species classified as “threatened species” under IUCN red list criteria were recorded

Bird Survey
In 2017, at least more than 177 bird species were recorded within Malua Forest Reserve and Bukit Piton Forest Reserve (Figure 11). Based on the IUCN red list criteria (updated list as of 22nd March 2018), 6.21% (or n=11) of bird species were recorded under the threatened species such as Helmeted hornbill, Storm’s stork, Black crowned pitta, Blue headed pitta, Bornean wren babbler, Scaly-breasted Partridge, Great slaty woodpecker, Large billed blue flycatcher, Large green pigeon, Short toed coucal and Wallace's hawk eagle (see Table 7). While, 93.79% (or n=166) of bird species were recorded under low risk (see Figure 12).

of bird survey in Malua Forest Reserve and Bukit Piton Forest Reserve
Figure 11: Location of bird survey in Malua Forest Reserve and Bukit Piton Forest Reserve

Common Name Scientific Name Family IUCN Red List
Helmeted hornbill Buceros vigil Bucerotidae Status: Critically Endangered ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Storm's stork Ciconia stormi Ciconiidae Status: Endangered ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Black and crimson pitta (Black crowned pitta) Pitta venusta Pittidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Blue headed pitta Pitta baudii Pittidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Bornean wren babbler Ptilocichla leucogrammica Timaliidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Chestnut necklaced partridge (Scaly-breasted Partridge) Arborophila charltonii Phasianidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Great slaty woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus Picidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Large billed blue flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus Muscicapidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Large green pigeon Treron capellei Columbidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Short toed coucal Centropus rectunguis Cuculidae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing
Wallace's hawk eagle Nisaetus nanus Accipitridae Status: Vulnerable ver 3.1
Pop. trend: decreasing

Figure 12: Fractions and percentage of bird species recorded within the Ulu Segama – Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area under IUCN red list criteria in 2017

and percentage of bird species recorded within the Ulu Segama – Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area under IUCN red list criteria in 2017
Figure 12: Fractions and percentage of bird species recorded within the Ulu Segama – Malua Sustainable Forest Management project area under IUCN red list criteria in 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
 


Best viewed with screen resolutions 800 x 600 pixels and above in any browsers

Disclaimer: The administrator and operator of this website shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage
of information obtained from this website.
All rights reserved © Ulu Segama-Malua