Enforcement and Monitoring

The function of enforcement and monitoring at the Forestry Department is divided among several sections, namely the Enforcement and Investigation Division; Monitoring, Control, Enforcement and Evaluation (MCEE) Units; several Operation Units and the District Forestry Offices.

The Enforcement and Investigations Division was formed on 6 August 2002 as a result of the merger at two divisions namely the Enforcement and Investigation Division. The main functions of the division are to enforce the Forest Enactment 1968 and Forest Rules 1969 and to carry out investigations at any reported forest offence. Its other task and officers in the department is to provide hands-on training to them. The division also provides similar training to officers of other departments; i.e. Yayasan Sabah enforcement staff and Environment Protection Department officers when requested. The division also works closely with the other enforcement units in Sabah to achieve its goals in preventing illegal logging activities and to help secure a stable economy and towards a healthy and more balance forest environment. 

Vision Strengthen Law, Enforcement and Good Forest Governance.

To conduct affective and efficient Law and Enforcement in accordance with
the Forest Enactment 1968 and Forest Rules 1969

Client's Charter
  1. To receive and scrutinize public complaints and subsequently issued a directive to conduct an immediate investigation
  2. To ensure each investigation paper is completed within reasonable period according to the complexity and merits of the case.
  3. To enforce and investigate all forest crime in accordance with the Forest Enactment 1968 and Forest Rules 1969.

Enforcement and Investigation Strategies

There are numerous efforts that have been implemented to reduce timber illegal activities, stricter forest laws have been introduced and amended from time to time to solve the problem. The Forestry Department has also implemented up to date innovations to upgrade its services. Strategies are enhanced and work forces are added in every district as an effort to lessen the problem.

To achieve its goals, the government required this division, the MCEE and all of the district officer in the FD, the UPPH in the Chief Minister's Department, the Army and the police to work together to control forest crime in the state. 

Each enforcement unit can carry out its own enforcement activities individually, within its capacity and jurisdiction. For example, the UPPH (Unit Pembanterasan Pembalakan Haram), the MCEE unit and the DFO can conduct raids in any concession areas throughout Sabah, in log ponds, in log yards and can make arrest where and when necessary as emulated under Section 36(2A) of the Forest Enactment 1968.

Some of the logging machineries that has been seized kept at the Batu Sapi Marine Complex

Section 36(2A) of the Forest Enactment 1968 outlines the general powers of the forest officer in relation to any investigation in respect of any forest offences. All investigation paper (I.P.) shall be submitted to the Deputy Public Prosecutor (DPP) for further scrutiny and his learned advice before any action may be taken or legal proceedings to be instituted against the offender.


Rules of mangrove bark also known as "Kulit Tangar" thus has been seized.

Efforts have also been initiated to train forests officers (Ranger and above) from time to time in conducting investigation as well as in the preparation of investigation paper (I.P.).

Forest Officers, Senior Rangers and Rangers were continuously trained