History of REDD+ Development in Sabah

REDD+ means Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, and the plus means: Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks through the following means:
a) Conservation of forest carbon stocks (establishment of conservation areas);
b) Sustainable Forest Management (SFM); and
c) Enhancement of Forest carbon stocks through restoration and enrichment planting activities.

REDD+ is a mechanism which provides an economic incentive to encourage developing countries to reduce carbon emissions through sustainable forest management.

Malaysia signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on June 1993 and ratified on the Convention in July 1994 (MOSTI, 2000) and ratified the Kyoto Protocol in September 2002. In Copenhagen, Denmark (COP 15), Malaysia adopted an indicator of a voluntary reduction of up to 40% in terms of emissions intensity of GDP by the year 2020 compared to 2005 levels (MoNRE, 2002). In addition to that, Malaysia's Rio 1992 pledge of maintaining 50% of land area as perpetual forest cover was reiterated in Copenhagen 2009.

Sabah has ventured into carbon-related initiatives as early as in 1992, when a carbon offset project through enrichment planting and rehabilitation of degraded logged-over forests (Ulu Segama-Malua FR) project took place, in-collaboration between the Sabah Foundation and Face Foundation).

Sabah has developed a REDD+ Roadmap in 2012, with the objectives to promote the elaboration and development of a sub-national REDD+ strategies towards the transformation of land use to sustainable development and sustainable forest management through equitable performance-based payment. The road map outlined the steps needed in order to become REDD+ ready.

SFD has taken the proactive steps in initiating a sub-national REDD+ development for the Sabah through the International Heart of Borneo (HoB) Conference on 'Forest and Climate Change- Decoding and Realising REDD+ with specific Focus on Sabah' in November 2010. In which, during the conference the Chief Conservator of Forests, Datuk Sam Mannan announced the decision of SFD in taking the lead role on a progressive step towards climate change mitigation through mechanisms offered by REDD+.

The development of REDD+ framework in Sabah is planned in four phases with 5 steps-wise approach as illustrated in the Figure 1 below:


The implementation of the REDD+ in Sabah is currently being coordinated by Sabah Forestry Department, supported by four (4) Technical Working Groups (TWGs), comprises of representatives from various state government agencies (Figure 2) below, established to coordinate the development of a State REDD+ framework.


*ESS: Environmental & Social Safeguards.
*MRV : Monitoring, Reporting & Verification.


Project Area Maps

Ecolinc Gana
Kinabatangan Sabah EU-REDD+ Demonstration Area